What landforms can Hard Rock create?

What landforms can Hard Rock create?

This erosion, together with the movement of weathered material at the sides of the river, creates the classic V-shaped valley. If there are areas of hard rock which are harder to erode, the river will bend around them. This creates interlocking spurs of land which link together like the teeth of a zip.

What types of landforms are made by rivers?

The work of the river is mainly deposition, building up its bed and forming an extensive flood plain. Landforms like braided channels, floodplains, levees, meanders, oxbow lakes, deltas etc.

What landform forms at the opening of a river?

Deltas are wetlands that form as rivers empty their water and sediment into another body of water, such as an ocean, lake, or another river. Although very uncommon, deltas can also empty into land.

Which landform is formed by river erosion?

The significant landforms resulting from fluvial erosion by streams include river valleys, waterfalls, pot holes, structural benches, river terraces, river meanders, ox-bow lakes and peneplians etc.

What is hard rock geography?

A hard rock type is resistant to erosion and creates a promontory whilst a softer rock type is easily eroded creating a bay. Part of the Dorset coastline in the UK running north from the Portland limestone of Durlston Head is a clear example of a discordant coastline. The outer hard rock is Portland limestone.

What are five landforms formed by river erosion?

Erosion and deposition within a river channel cause landforms to be created:

  • Potholes.
  • Rapids.
  • Waterfalls.
  • Meanders.
  • Braiding.
  • Levees.
  • Flood plains.
  • Deltas.

What are river landforms in geography?

Upper course river features include steep-sided V-shaped valleys, interlocking spurs, rapids, waterfalls and gorges. Middle course river features include wider, shallower valleys, meanders, and oxbow lakes. Lower course river features include wide flat-bottomed valleys, floodplains and deltas.

What is river deposition geography?

When a river loses energy, it will drop or deposit some of the material it is carrying. Deposition may take place when a river enters an area of shallow water or when the volume of water decreases – for example, after a flood or during times of drought.

What landforms are found in the lower course of a river?


  • Arcuate or fan-shaped – the land around the river mouth arches out into the sea and the river splits many times on the way to the sea, creating a fan effect. The Niger Delta.
  • Cuspate – the land around the mouth of the river juts out arrow-like into the sea. The Ebro Delta.
  • The Mississippi Delta.

What is river deposition landforms?

Rivers deposit sediments in different parts of their courses and thus form three major types of landforms which are called constructional landforms such as alluvial fans cones, natural levees and deltas.

Is a river formed by erosion or deposition?

Erosion and Deposition by Surface Water. Water that flows over Earth’s surface includes runoff, streams, and rivers. All these types of flowing water can cause erosion and deposition.

Is Limestone a hard rock?

Limestone is a sedimentary rock composed principally of calcium carbonate (calcite) or the double carbonate of calcium and magnesium (dolomite). It is a soft rock and is easily scratched. It will effervesce readily in any common acid.

What causes a river to form a V shaped valley?

The rocks which have fallen into the river help the process of corrasion and this leads to further erosion. The river transports the rocks downstream and the channel becomes wider and deeper creating a V-shaped valley between interlocking spurs. The river flows over bands of softer and harder rocks.

What causes the formation of fluvial landforms?

The landforms created as a result of degradational action (erosion) or aggradation work (deposition) of running water is called fluvial landforms. These landforms result from the action of surface flow/run-off or stream flow (water flowing through a channel under the influence of gravity).

What happens when river flows over softer rock?

When a river flowing over a softer rock stratum reaches the harder basal rocks but continues to follow the initial slope, it seems to have no relation with the harder rock bed and seems unadjusted to the base. This type of drainage is called superimposed drainage.

What makes the inside bend of a river shallower?

The inside bend is shallower with a gentle slip-off slope made of sand or shingle that is brought across from the outside bend by the helicoidal flow of the river. The river flows much slower on the inside bend so some deposition takes place, contribution to the slip-off slope.

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