Who was Lord Nelson and what did he do?

Who was Lord Nelson and what did he do?

Horatio Nelson, in full Horatio Nelson, Viscount Nelson of the Nile and Burnham Thorpe, also called (1797–98) Sir Horatio Nelson, or (1798–1801) Baron Nelson of the Nile and Burnham Thorpe, (born September 29, 1758, Burnham Thorpe, Norfolk, England—died October 21, 1805, at sea, off Cape Trafalgar, Spain), British …

Who was Nelson Trafalgar?

Nelson commanded the British fleet during the Napoleonic Wars, fighting against the French and Spanish and securing a series of decisive naval victories. Nelson was shot by a French sniper during the Battle of Trafalgar on 21 October 1805.

Who defeated Napoleon in the battle of the Nile?

The British fleet was led in the battle by Rear-Admiral Sir Horatio Nelson; they decisively defeated the French under Vice-Admiral François-Paul Brueys d’Aigalliers.

Who was Napoleon when he was defeated?

At Waterloo in Belgium, Napoleon Bonaparte suffers defeat at the hands of the Duke of Wellington, bringing an end to the Napoleonic era of European history. The Corsica-born Napoleon, one of the greatest military strategists in history, rapidly rose in the ranks of the French Revolutionary Army during the late 1790s.

Who did Nelson defeat?

In one of the most decisive naval battles in history, a British fleet under Admiral Lord Nelson defeats a combined French and Spanish fleet at the Battle of Trafalgar, fought off the coast of Spain.

Did Nelson lose a leg?

Nelson is a piece of cricket slang terminology and superstition. Various sources ascribe it to referring to Nelson’s three major naval victories (won, won, won), or (incorrectly) to “one eye, one arm and one leg” – Nelson never in fact lost a leg, although he did indeed lose an eye and an arm.

Did Nelson really say Kiss Me Hardy?

Nelson spent time with his longstanding close friend and colleague Captain Thomas Hardy in the hours between his fatal shooting and eventual death. His last words to him are said to have been, ‘Kiss me Hardy’. Hardy responded by kissing Nelson on his hands and forehead.

How did Admiral Nelson defeated the French fleet?

The tactic exposed the leading ships in the British lines to intense fire from multiple ships as they approached the Franco-Spanish lines. Nelson’s own HMS Victory led the front column and was almost knocked out of action. Nelson was shot by a French musketeer and died shortly before the battle ended.

What battles did Nelson win?

War of the First Coalition

  • Siege of Calvi (1794) ( WIA )
  • Battle of Genoa (1795)
  • Battle of Hyères Islands (1795)
  • Battle of Cape St Vincent (1797) ( WIA )
  • Assault on Cádiz (1797)
  • Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife (1797) ( WIA )
  • Battle of the Nile ( WIA )

What led to Napoleon’s defeat?

Throughout the years of 1806 – 1814, a number of factors coalesced to result in Napoleon’s downfall. Significant causes of his downfall included the Continental Blockade, the Peninsular War, the Russian Campaign, and the direct role of Britain.

How was Napoleon defeated at Waterloo?

The Waterloo Campaign (June 15 – July 8, 1815) was fought between the French Army of the North and two Seventh Coalition armies, an Anglo-allied army and a Prussian army, that defeated Napoleon in the decisive Battle of Waterloo, forced him to abdicate for the second time, and ended the Napoleonic Era.

How did Nelson defeat Napoleon?

No British ships were lost, but 1,500 British seamen were killed or wounded in the heavy fighting. The battle raged at its fiercest around the Victory, and a French sniper shot Nelson in the shoulder and chest. Victory at the Battle of Trafalgar ensured that Napoleon would never invade Britain.

Why did Lord Nelson delay the Battle of Trafalgar?

Despite Napoleon abandoning his invasion of Britain, his fleet was still a substantial menace. The Franco-Spanish fleet left Cadiz on October 19, 1805. By 1 a.m. on the 20th Nelson knew its precise location, but delayed engagement because he wanted the ships to be farther from their bolt-hole.

What did Nelson do at the Battle of Copenhagen?

A short time later, in April, Nelson decisively defeated the Danish fleet at the Battle of Copenhagen. This victory broke up the French-leaning League of Armed Neutrality (Denmark, Russia, Prussia, & Sweden) and ensured that a continuous supply of naval stores would reach Britain.

Why was Lord Nelson ordered to destroy the French fleet?

Nelson was ordered to hunt and destroy the French Mediterranean fleet. Napoleon’s strategy was to invade Egypt and cut Britain’s vital commercial route to India, so an economically weakened Britain would not threaten his European ambitions.

What did Lord Nelson do in the Mediterranean?

In 1793 the uneasy peace with France ended. Nelson was placed in command of HMS Agamemnon and sent to serve under Admiral Jervis in the Mediterranean. Over the next five years he repeatedly distinguished himself with displays of bravery, coolness and fine judgment.

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