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Who was the artist responsible for the sculptural program decorating the Parthenon?
Phidias, also spelled Pheidias, (flourished c. 490–430 bce), Athenian sculptor, the artistic director of the construction of the Parthenon, who created its most important religious images and supervised and probably designed its overall sculptural decoration.
Who was the politician most responsible for the re building of the Athenian Acropolis in the 5 th century BCE?
While there is evidence that the hill was inhabited as far back as the fourth millennium BC, it was Pericles (c. 495–429 BC) in the fifth century BC who coordinated the construction of the buildings whose present remains are the site’s most important ones, including the Parthenon, the Propylaea, the Erechtheion and the …
Who designed the Parthenon quizlet?
Iktinos and Kalikrates are the chief architects that was built between 447 and 438 B.C. with the decorations being completed by 432 B.C. While the master builder is Phidias, all sculptures are credited to him.
What happened to Athena statue in Parthenon?
The original Athena Parthenos created by Pheidias in the fifth century BC was stripped of its gold fixtures by Lachares in around 296 BC. What remained of the statue was almost certainly destroyed by a fire in the east naos of the Parthenon that must have taken place sometime shortly before around 165 BC.
Who created the Parthenon frieze?
The Parthenon frieze is the high-relief Pentelic marble sculpture created to adorn the upper part of the Parthenon’s naos. It was sculpted between c. 443 and 437 BC, most likely under the direction of Pheidias. Of the 160 meters (524 ft) of the original frieze, 128 meters (420 ft) survives—some 80 percent.
Who is the third architect that Vitruvius suggests worked on the design of the Parthenon?
The classicalParthenon was constructed between 447-432 BCE to be the focus of the Acropolis building complex. The architects were Iktinos and Kallikrates (Vitruvius also names Karpion as an architect) and it was dedicated to the goddess Athena Pallas or Parthenos (virgin).
Who is Pericles quizlet?
After the Persian Wars, the leading figure in Athenian politics was Pericles. He guided Athens for 30 years, from 461, to 429 B.C., when he was first elected, until he died. He helped Athens dominate the Delian League. He treated other city-states like subjects, demanding strict obedience and loyalty, and steady taxes.
Who was the leader of Greece during its golden age?
The so-called golden age of Athenian culture flourished under the leadership of Pericles (495-429 B.C.), a brilliant general, orator, patron of the arts and politician—”the first citizen” of democratic Athens, according to the historian Thucydides.
Who designed the Parthenon?
Pericles commissioned the renowned Greek architects Ictinus and Callicrates and the sculptor Phidias to design the Parthenon, which became the largest Doric-style temple of its time.
Why did the architects who designed the Parthenon curve some of the lines of the temple?
The ancient architects had realised that long horizontal lines tend to make the optical impression of sagging towards their centre. To prevent this effect, the horizontal lines of stylobate and/or entablature were raised by a few centimetres towards the middle of a building.
Who was the ugliest god?
Facts about Hephaestus Hephaestus was the only ugly god among perfectly beautiful immortals. Hephaestus was born deformed and was cast out of heaven by one or both of his parents when they noticed that he was imperfect. He was the workman of the immortals: he made their dwellings, furnishings, and weapons.
What happened to the Parthenon in Greece?
After the Ottoman conquest, the Parthenon was turned into a mosque in the early 1460s. On 26 September 1687, an Ottoman ammunition dump inside the building was ignited by Venetian bombardment during a siege of the Acropolis. The resulting explosion severely damaged the Parthenon and its sculptures.