Table of Contents
- 1 Why do muscle cells and neurons have different functions?
- 2 What is the difference between nerves and muscles?
- 3 How does a nerve cell look different from other cells?
- 4 What features do both muscle cells and nerves cells share?
- 5 What’s the difference between nerve cells and muscle cells?
- 6 How is cardiac muscle controlled by the nervous system?
Why do muscle cells and neurons have different functions?
In the body, these cells have the same (genetic makeup, protein content, or structure). The function of muscle cells is (to form the inner lining of organs, movement, or to support and hold organs in place), while the function of neurons is to send nerve signals.
Why do muscle cells differ from nerve cells?
Muscle cells form the muscular system while nerve cells form the nervous system. Nerve cells are involved in the coordination of the functions of the body by transmitting nerve impulses throughout the body. Therefore, the main difference between muscle cells and nerve cells is the function of each cell in the body.
How neurons and muscles are different from other cells in the body?
However, neurons differ from other cells in the body because: Neurons have specialize cell parts called dendrites and axons. Dendrites bring electrical signals to the cell body and axons take information away from the cell body. Neurons communicate with each other through an electrochemical process.
What is the difference between nerves and muscles?
The function of muscle tissue (smooth, skeletal, and cardiac) is to contract, while nervous tissue is responsible for communication.
What is the ultimate cause for the difference between muscle and nerve cells?
Transcription of different genes leads to the synthesis of different proteins in the two cell types. The chromosomal DNA is rearranged and mutated so that the cell can become a muscle cell instead of a nerve cell. The muscle cell has more mitochondria than the nerve cell.
Do muscle and nerve cells have different chromosomes?
The correct answer is D. This is because these two cell types have exactly the same genes and the same types of ribosomes but they each express a different subset of these genes.
How does a nerve cell look different from other cells?
Basic cells and neurons are also different in visual appearance. Basic cells are very small and are oval, rectangular or irregular in shape; neurons look entirely different, and have a cell body surrounded by a web of receptors called dendrites that transmit nervous signals to the cell body.
What is the function of muscle cells?
Muscle tissue is composed of cells that have the special ability to shorten or contract in order to produce movement of the body parts. The tissue is highly cellular and is well supplied with blood vessels.
Which best explains why muscles cells are different from blood cells?
Which best explains why muscle cells are different from blood cells? Different genes are activated in muscle cells than in blood cells. Muscles cells experience different environmental influences than blood cells. Muscle cells are produced by the brain, but blood cells are produced by the heart.
Nerve cells and muscle cells are excitable. Their cell membrane can produce electrochemical impulses and conduct them along the membrane. In both cell types, the membrane generates an impulse as a consequence of excitation. This impulse propagates in both cell types in the same manner.
Why muscle cells are different from blood cells despite having the same DNA?
Different genes are activated in muscle cells than in blood cells. Muscle cells experience different environmental influences than blood cells. Muscle cells are produced by the brain, but blood cells are produced by the heart.
Do muscle cells and nerve cells have the same proteome?
Some proteins are the same in most cells: muscle cells and nerve cells need to build common structures like mitochondria. But there are also unique ingredients in both cell types: a muscle cell needs special proteins that let the muscle cells move during contraction.
What’s the difference between nerve cells and muscle cells?
The plasma membrane of the muscle cell is known as sarcolemma. The plasma membrane of the nerve cell is known as neurilemma. Muscle tissue is considered as one of the main tissue types present in the body. It is composed of basic structural units known as muscle cells.
How are muscle cells used in the body?
Muscle cells can be smooth (visceral), cardiac, or skeletal. Smooth muscle cells make up the internal structure of organs, skeletal muscle cells attach to bones to provide movement, and cardiac muscles provide the involuntary “pumps” necessary to circulate blood through the body.
Where are nerve cells found in the body?
Muscle cells are the structural and functional unit of the muscle tissue while nerve cells are found in the nervous system.
How is cardiac muscle controlled by the nervous system?
Cardiac muscle is not under voluntary control but can be influenced by the autonomic nervous system to speed up or slow down. An added feature to cardiac muscle cells is a line than extends along the end of the cell as it abuts the next cardiac cell in the row.